Feasibility of therapeutic music listening in fibromyalgia: A randomised controlled pilot study


Neurological Sciences




Background: Fibromyalgia patients can benefit from music approaches as complementary treatments. In the literature, it was shown that these interventions managed pain conditions as well as reduced complaints, increased relaxation, and improved moods. Objective: This study aimed at evaluating music therapy, in the form of therapeutic music listening, specifically for patients with fibromyalgia, to treat chronic pain by reducing pain perception, increasing well-being, and improving quality of life. Methods: Twenty-four patients with fibromyalgia were recruited to take part in this feasibility pilot study that adopted a between-subject and within-subject design. Participants were randomised into three groups: (1) standard care, (2) standard care plus preferred music listening, (3) standard care plus Melomics-Health music listening, composed by an algorithm. Participants in experimental groups listened to 30 min of music at home, twice a day for a month. Patients’ perceptions of changes following the listening, the intensity of pain and its interference in their lives, physical and mental well-being, and reported attitudes towards listening to music were evaluated respectively through the patients’ global impression of change, the brief pain inventory, the Short Form Healthy Survey-12, and the cognitive behavioural assessment-outcome evaluation. Results: The study showed that music listening can significantly affect mental well-being compared to no music. Moreover, the effects in the Melomics-Health group are maintained at follow-up. No significant effect on pain perception was noted. Conclusions: The study provides information supporting a possible role of music listening in improving well-being of patients with fibromyalgia. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Pain; Fibromyalgia; Pain Management and Control; Mood; Wellness and Well-Being; Quality of Life; Observational Measures; Subjective Measures; Music Medicine; Music Listening; Recorded Music Listening

Indexed Terms

Pain; Pain Management; Chronic pain; Auditory Perception; Well Being; Algorithmic music; Fibromyalgia; Mental well-being; Therapeutic music listening

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantiative Methods

Document Type