Music, Music Therapy and Dementia: A Review of Literature and the Recommendations of the Italian Gsychogeriatric Association

A. Raglio
G. Bellelli
P. Mazzola
D. Bellandi
A. R. Giovagnoli
E. Farina
M. Stramba-Badiale
S. Gentile
M. V. Gianelli
M. C. Ubezio
O. Zanetti
M. Trabucchi

Abstract

This study reviews the most recent (from 2000 to 2011) Clinical Controlled Trials (CCT) and Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) concerning the use of music and music-therapy (MT) in the context of dementia and related issues. Studies which explored the efficacy of music and MT on behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are prevalent, while those aiming at assessing a potential effect of these approaches on cognitive and physiological aspects are scant. Although with some limitations, the results of these studies are consistent with the efficacy of MT approach on BPSD. In this context, the ability of the music therapist to directly interact with the patients appears to be crucial for the success of the intervention. This review was endorsed by the Italian Psychogeriatric Association (AIP) and represents its view about the criteria to select appropriate music and MT approaches in the field of dementia. Accordingly, we have developed a list of recommendations to facilitate the current use of these techniques in the context of non-pharmacological treatments for patients with dementia. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)