A Mobile Multimedia Reminiscence Therapy Application to Reduce Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms in Persons With Alzheimer's

Journal

Journal of Healthcare Engineering

Year

2018

Volume

2018

Abstract

The goal of this project is to develop a novel and innovative mobile solution to address behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) that occur in individuals with Alzheimer's. BPSD can include agitation, restlessness, aggression, apathy, obsessive-compulsive and repetitive behaviors, hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and wandering. Alzheimer's currently affects 5.4 million adults in the United States and that number is projected to increase to 14 million by 2050. Almost 90% of all affected with AD experience BPSD, resulting in increased healthcare costs, heavier burden on caregivers, poor patient outcomes, early nursing home placement, long-term hospitalizations, and misuse of medications. Pharmacological support may have undesirable side effects such as sedation. Nonpharmacological interventions are alternative solutions that have shown to be effective without undesirable side effects. Music therapy has been found to lower BPSD symptoms significantly. Our study is based on combination of the reminiscence and the music therapies where past memorable events are recalled using prompts such as photos, videos, and music. We are proposing a mobile multimedia solution, a technical version of the combined reminiscence, and music therapies to prevent the occurrence of BPSD, especially for the rural population who have reduced access to dementia care services.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Alzheimer's and Related Dementias; Behavioral Scales; Cognitive Abilities; Memory; Music Therapy; Neurodegenerative Disorders; Psychological Outcomes; Symptom Management

Indexed Terms

Alzheimer Disease; Mobile Applications; Multimedia

Study Type

Editorial, Opinions, Position Papers

Disciplines

Neurology

PubMed ID

29755713

Document Type

Article

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