A Person‐centred Team Approach Targeting Agitated and Aggressive Behaviour Amongst Nursing Home Residents With Dementia Using the Senses Framework


International Journal of Older People Nursing








Purpose: The increase in agitated or aggressive behaviour amongst nursing home residents with dementia is a challenging problem. Such behaviour causes stress for both resident and caregiver. Many non‐pharmacological interventions have been studied, but these interventions disregard the resident's unfulfilled needs and are executed by a single, designated caregiver. This study tests a non‐pharmacological intervention, applied by the entire team and based on the resident's underlying needs. Design: A pretest and post‐test interventional study design was used, in which 65 residents with dementia who expressed agitated or aggressive behaviour. Data were collected from December 2016 until March 2017. Methods: The ABC method and the Senses Framework were used to assign residents to either therapeutic touch, group music sessions or a meaningful individual activity. All staff members applied the interventions. Data were collected by use of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory‐Nursing Home version (NPI‐NH) and the Cohen‐Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI). Results: The frequency of aggression, loss of decorum, depression and the severity of aggression decreased for all three interventions. However, the overall severity of fear also increased. The overall prevalence of agitated of residents decreased for the therapeutic touch, group music sessions and individual activities. Conclusions: This study shows the possibilities of designing individualised interventions on the Senses Framework and the ABC method for addressing agitated and aggressive behaviour amongst nursing home residents with dementia. The framework presented in this study should be further explored. Implications for practice: A team‐based approach is effective to reduce agitated or aggressive behaviour amongst nursing home residents. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Agitation; Alzheimer's and Related Dementias; Behavioral State; Depression; Elderly; Fear; Long-Term Care Facility; Music and Healing; Neurodegenerative Disorders; Symptom Management

Indexed Terms

behavioural change; dementia; long‐term care; nursing care; older people nursing; person‐centred practice; residential care; Elderly; Elderly; Aggression; Belgium; Geriatric Nursing; Health Services for the Aged; Models, Nursing; Nursing Homes; Patient-Centered Care; Psychomotor Agitation; Sensation; Aggressive Behavior; Agitation; Intervention; Nursing Home Residents; Health Service Needs

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods



Document Type