The Effectiveness of Non‐pharmacological Interventions on Apathy in Patients With Dementia: A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews
Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing
Background: Apathy is one of the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), which is the most frequent and can accelerate the progress of dementia. Aims: To systematically review the evidence of effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions on apathy in patients with dementia. Methods: Databases including the Cochrane Library, Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, CNKI, and Wan Fang Data were searched for systematic reviews of the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions on apathy in patients with dementia. AMSTAR 2 was applied to assess the methodological quality of reviews. Results: Nine systematic reviews were included. The average level of overall confidence for included systematic reviews was low. Among all the non-pharmacological interventions involved in this review, the effectiveness of multisensory stimulation, music therapy, cognitive stimulation, and pet therapy was relatively robust. The effects of reminiscence therapy, therapeutic conversation, progressive muscle relaxation, art therapy, exercise therapy, occupational therapy, dementia special care units, nursing staff education, and comprehensive interventions need to be validated further. Meanwhile, the current evidence failed to support the effects of psychomotor therapy and validation therapy on apathy. Linking Evidence to Action: Non-pharmacological interventions for apathy in patients with dementia are acceptable. In spite of requirements for adequate and high-quality original studies and quantitative systematic reviews to validate the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions, multisensory stimulation, music therapy, cognitive stimulation, and pet therapy are deemed the most helpful according to evidences available. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)
Music and Health Institute Terms
Alzheimer's and Related Dementias; Cognitive Abilities; Memory; Muscle Relaxation; Music in Combination with Other Techniques; Music Therapy; Neurodegenerative Disorders; Relaxation
dementia; apathy; non‐ pharmacological intervention; systematic review of systematic reviews; Cognitive Behavioral Therapy; Intervention; Animal Assisted Therapy; Educational Therapy; Relaxation Therapy
Systematic Review; Quantitative Methods
Cai, Yan; Li, Liyu; Xu, Chang; and Wang, Zhiwen, "The Effectiveness of Non‐pharmacological Interventions on Apathy in Patients With Dementia: A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews" (2020). Research on Music and Dementia. 312.