Effect of Music Care on Depression and Behavioral Problems in Elderly People With Dementia in Taiwan: A Quasi-experimental, Longitudinal Study
Aging & Mental Health
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to examine the effectiveness of music care on cognitive function, depression, and behavioral problems among elderly people with dementia in long-term care facilities in Taiwan. METHODS: The study had a quasi-experimental, longitudinal research design and used two groups of subjects. Subjects were not randomly assigned to experimental group (n = 90) or comparison group (n = 56). Based on Bandura's social cognition theory, subjects in the experimental group received Kagayashiki music care (KMC) twice per week for 24 weeks. Subjects in the comparison group were provided with activities as usual. RESULTS: Results found, using the control score of the Clifton Assessment Procedures for the Elderly Behavior Rating Scale (baseline) and time of attending KMC activities as a covariate, the two groups of subjects had statistically significant differences in the mini-mental state examination (MMSE). Results also showed that, using the control score of the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (baseline) and MMSE (baseline) as a covariate, the two groups of subjects had statistically significant differences in the Clifton Assessment Procedures for the Elderly Behavior Rating Scale. CONCLUSION: These findings provide information for staff caregivers in long-term care facilities to develop a non-invasive care model for elderly people with dementia to deal with depression, anxiety, and behavioral problems.
Music and Health Institute Terms
Alzheimer's and Related Dementias; Behavioral State; Cognitive Abilities; Depression; Elderly; Long-Term Care Facility; Mental Health; Music and Healing; Neurodegenerative Disorders
Elderly; Elderly; Anxiety; Biomarkers; Dementia; Depression; Geriatric Assessment; Hydrocortisone; Long-Term Care; Longitudinal Studies; Statistics, Nonparametric; Taiwan; behavioral problems; dementia; depression; elders; music care
Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods
Wang, S. C.; Yu, C. L.; and Chang, S. H., "Effect of Music Care on Depression and Behavioral Problems in Elderly People With Dementia in Taiwan: A Quasi-experimental, Longitudinal Study" (2017). Research on Music and Dementia. 45.