Does Music Therapy Improve Anxiety and Depression in Alzheimer's Patients?
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the implementation of a short protocol of music therapy as a tool to reduce stress and improve the emotional state in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: A sample of 25 patients with mild Alzheimer's received therapy based on the application of a music therapy session lasting 60 min. Before and after the therapy, patient saliva was collected to quantify the level of salivary cortisol using the Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA) immunoassay technique and a questionnaire was completed to measure anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale). RESULTS: The results show that the application of this therapy lowers the level of stress and decreases significantly depression and anxiety, establishing a linear correlation between the variation of these variables and the variation of cortisol. CONCLUSIONS: A short protocol of music therapy can be an alternative medicine to improve emotional variables in Alzheimer patients.
Music and Health Institute Terms
Alzheimer's and Related Dementias; Anxiety; Cortisol Levels; Depression; Elderly; Emotional Functioning; Music Therapy; Neurodegenerative Disorders; Stress Hormone Levels
Elderly; Elderly; Alzheimer Disease; Anxiety; Depression; Hydrocortisone; Saliva; Alzheimer's; anxiety; cortisol; depression
Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods
de la Rubia Ortí, J. E.; García-Pardo, M. P.; Iranzo, C. C.; Madrigal, J. J. C.; Castillo, S. S.; Rochina, M. J.; and Gascó, V. J. P., "Does Music Therapy Improve Anxiety and Depression in Alzheimer's Patients?" (2018). Research on Music and Dementia. 79.