Title

Music Effects on EEG in Intrusive and Withdrawn Mothers With Depressive Symptoms

Journal

Psychiatry

Year

2003

Volume

66

Issue

3

First Page

234

Last Page

43

Abstract

The EEG patterns of 48 intrusive and withdrawn mothers with depressive symptoms were assessed following a 20-minute music session to determine if the music had mood-altering effects. Half the mothers listened to classical music while half listened to rock music. Intrusive mothers were expected to have more positive responses and more symmetrical EEG following the calming classical music, while withdrawn mothers were expected to have a more positive response and symmetrical EEG following the energizing rock music. Although more positive EEGs were noted for rock music in both groups, only the withdrawn mothers showed a significant change in EEG toward symmetry following rock music, and only the intrusive mothers showed a decrease in cortisol levels following the rock music. Their State Anxiety Inventory (STAI) anxiety levels also decreased, while the Profile of Mood States (POMS) depressed mood levels decreased significantly for all four groups following music.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Anxiety Scales; Cortisol Levels; Depression; Electrocardiographic Measures; Emotional Functioning; Mental Health; Mental Illness; Mood; Mood Scales; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Psychological Outcomes; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Stress Hormone Levels; Symptom Management; Wellness and Well-Being

Indexed Terms

Adolescents; Affect; African Continental Ancestry Group; Arousal; Depressive Disorder; Dominance, Cerebral; Electroencephalography; Frontal Lobe; Infants; Maternal Behavior; Mother-Child Relations; Personality Inventory; Psychometrics; Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted

Study Type

Case Study; Qualitative Methods

Disciplines

Obstetrics and Gynecology

PubMed ID

14587360

Document Type

Article

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