Effects of Student- and School-level Music Concert Attendance on Subjective Well-being: A Longitudinal Study of Korean Adolescents


International Journal of Music Education





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Students’ subjective well-being is not only an important prerequisite for positive development but also a desired outcome of education. Music concert attendance could be a critical factor in enhancing students’ subjective well-being. This study investigates the effect of music concert attendance on subjective well-being through an examination of the different effects of music concert attendance according to students’ initial subjective well-being. Data from 3,633 middle school students in two waves of the Seoul Education Longitudinal Study (seventh grade, eighth grade) were utilized. Hierarchical linear modeling shows that both student- and school-level music concert attendance predicted subsequent subjective well-being after controlling for initial subjective well-being, peer relation, grade point average, and gender. Furthermore, school-level music concert attendance facilitated increases in subjective well-being among students who showed low subjective well-being during the first wave of the study. The results indicated that student- and school-level music concert attendance could improve students’ subjective well-being, especially for students with lower levels of subjective well-being. Educational contexts or policies to encourage both school and student participation in music concerts should be developed and implemented. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Adolescents; Mental Health; Wellness and Well-Being

Indexed Terms

Hierarchical linear modeling; interaction effect; music concert attendance; subjective well-being; students; Adolescent Development; Middle School Students; Simulation; Well Being; Middle School Education; Peer Relations; Policy Making

Study Type

Descriptive Analysis; Quantitative Methods


Psychiatric and Mental Health

Document Type