Effects of Group Music Intervention on Psychiatric Symptoms and Depression in Patient With Schizophrenia

S. F. Lu
C. H. Lo
H. C. Sung
T. C. Hsieh
S. C. Yu
S. C. Chang


OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a group music therapy on psychiatric symptoms and depression for patient with schizophrenia in a psychiatric nursing home. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eighty patients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to a music intervention group (MIG) or usual care group (UCG). Both groups received similar medical and routine care. The MIG received a 60-min group music therapy twice a week, a total of ten sessions. The UAG only received the usual care with no music therapy. Psychiatric symptoms and depression assessments were conducted using the positive and negative syndrome scale and the depression scale for schizophrenia at baseline, the posttest, and at a 3-month follow-up. RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients in the MIG and 42 in the UCG completed the study. After 10 sessions of group music therapy, the groups showed statistically significant differences in psychiatric symptoms (p<.05) and depression status (p<.05). CONCLUSION: Group music therapy is an economical and easily implemented method of improving depression and psychiatric symptoms in patients with schizophrenia.