Title

Effects of Music Therapy on Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Journal

Ageing Research Reviews

Year

2013

Volume

12

Issue

2

First Page

628

Last Page

41

Abstract

Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are common problems for patients and caregivers. Although music therapy is considered a non-pharmacological intervention for the management of BPSD, its effectiveness remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of music therapy on BPSD, cognitive function, and activities of daily living in patients with dementia. A literature search was conducted in the following databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Igaku Chuo Zasshi. We selected 20 studies, including randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical trials, cohort studies, and controlled trials, and conducted a meta-analysis using standardized mean differences (SMD). The results showed that music therapy had moderate effects on anxiety [SMD, -0.64; 95% confidence interval (CI), -1.05 - -0.24; p=0.002] and small effects on behavioral symptoms (SMD, -0.49; 95% CI, -0.82 - -0.17; p=0.003). In studies of duration >3 months, music therapy had large effects on anxiety (SMD, -0.93; 95% CI, -1.72 - -0.13; p=0.02). The present systematic review and meta-analysis suggests that music therapy is effective for the management of BPSD.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Cognitive Abilities; Elderly; Mental Health; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Neurocognitive Disorders; Psychological Outcomes; Recorded Music Listening; Symptom Management; Wellness and Well-Being

Indexed Terms

Activities of Daily Living; Elderly; Anxiety; Behavioral Symptoms; Cognition; Confidence Intervals; Dementia; Geriatric Assessment; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic

Study Type

Meta-Analysis; Quantitative Methods; Systematic Review

Disciplines

Psychiatric and Mental Health

PubMed ID

23511664

Document Type

Article

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