Title

Effects of Music Therapy on Psychological Symptoms and Heart Rate Variability in Patients With Dementia. a Pilot Study

Journal

Current Aging Science

Year

2010

Volume

3

Issue

3

First Page

242

Last Page

6

Abstract

We assessed the effects of music therapy (MT) on behavioral and psychological symptoms (BPSD) in dementia associated with changes in physiological parameters, as heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV). Twenty subjects were randomly assigned to MT treatment or standard care; all patients underwent neuropsychological assessment and ECG Holter recordings before and after the 15-week treatment. The treatment included 30 MT sessions. Depression significantly decreased (p=0.021) in the MT group. PNN50 improved in 50% patients of the MT group, but in none of the control group (p=0.013). MT may improve symptoms of depression and increase HRV in demented patients.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Depression; Elderly; Electrocardiographic Measures; Heart Rate; Mental Health; Mood Scales; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Neurocognitive Disorders; Psychological Outcomes; Quality of Life; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Vital Signs

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Elderly; Dementia; Depression; Electrocardiography, Ambulatory; Heart Rate; Neuropsychological Tests; Pilot Projects; Severity of Illness Index

Study Type

Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods

Disciplines

Psychiatric and Mental Health

PubMed ID

20735342

Document Type

Article

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