Title

Effects of a Single-session Assertiveness Music Therapy Role Playing Protocol for Psychiatric Inpatients

Authors

M. J. Silverman

Journal

Journal of Music Therapy

Year

2011

Volume

48

Issue

3

First Page

370

Last Page

94

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to implement and measure the effectiveness of a single-session assertiveness music therapy role playing protocol for psychiatric inpatients. Participants (N=133) were randomly assigned by group to one of three conditions: (a) Assertiveness Music Therapy, (b) No Music Assertiveness, or (c) Music No Assertiveness. Participants in both assertiveness conditions role played a number of different commonly occurring scenarios at an inpatient psychiatric facility and in the community. There were no significant between-group differences in posttest quality of life, locus of control, or other subscales. However, participants in both assertiveness conditions tended to have slightly higher internal locus of control and overall quality of life scores than participants in the music no assertiveness condition. Additionally, the assertiveness music therapy condition had higher attendance rates than the other conditions. A higher percentage of participants from both the assertiveness music therapy and music no assertiveness conditions indicated they thought their session was the most helpful/therapeutic group therapy session in which they had participated; this was not the case for the assertiveness no music condition. Future research is warranted to measure the effects of protocols that can help psychiatric patients generalize skills learned in treatment.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Mental Health; Mental Illness; Music in Combination with Other Techniques; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Psychological Outcomes; Quality of Life; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Efficacy; Self-Report Measures

Indexed Terms

Adaptation, Psychological; Anecdotes as Topic; Assertiveness; Mental Disorders; Mentally Ill Persons; Psychotherapy, Group; Quality of Life; Role Playing; Surveys and Questionnaires

Study Type

Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods

Disciplines

Psychiatric and Mental Health

PubMed ID

22097104

Document Type

Article

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