Effects of Music Therapy on Pain and Anxiety in Patients Undergoing Bone Marrow Biopsy and Aspiration
Bone marrow biopsy and aspiration are commonly used for diagnosing, treating, and following up after treatment for blood disorders and solid tumors. For adults, the infiltration of local anesthesia at the biopsy site has been used as the principal form of analgesia for bone marrow biopsy and aspiration. Pain relief during these procedures is often incomplete, especially during aspiration of the bone marrow, and pain is likely to contribute to patient anxiety. Researchers at the Tabriz Hematology and Oncology Center in Iran conducted a study to quantify and evaluate the effectiveness of music therapy interventions on pain and anxiety control for 100 patients undergoing bone marrow biopsy and aspiration. Participants in the study were randomly assigned to one of two groups: one group listened to music during the procedure, and the other did not. Patients completed the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory both before and after the procedure and reported pain severity by using a visual analog scale. Results showed that participants who listened to music had lower state anxiety and pain levels than those who did not listen to music.
Music and Health Institute Terms
Anxiety Scales; Anxiety; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Invasive Medical Procedures; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Pain Severity; Pain; Procedural Pain; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Visual Analog Scale (VAS)
Adolescents; Anxiety; Attitude to Health; Biopsy; Bone Marrow Examination; Cancer Care Facilities; Clinical Nursing Research; Iran; Pain; Pain Measurement; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales; Severity of Illness Index; Surveys and Questionnaires
Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods
Shabanloei, R.; Golchin, M.; Esfahani, A.; Dolatkhah, R.; and Rasoulian, M., "Effects of Music Therapy on Pain and Anxiety in Patients Undergoing Bone Marrow Biopsy and Aspiration" (2010). Research on Music and Pain. 133.