The Use of Cold Therapy, Music Therapy and Lidocaine Spray for Reducing Pain and Anxiety Following Chest Tube Removal
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
AIM: To determine the effect of cold therapy, music therapy and lidocaine spray on pain and anxiety following chest tube removal (CTR). METHODS: This study was a randomized clinical trial. The participants were randomly assigned either one of four groups: control group, cold therapy, music therapy, and lidocaine spray. The primary outcome of the study was to measure pain using Visual Analog Scale. Anxiety was used as secondary outcome. RESULTS: Thirty patients in each arm completed the study. There was no difference in pain scores between groups immediately after and 20min after CTR (F=2.06, p=0.108). However, there was a significant difference between the anxiety scores of control and intervention groups 20min after CTR (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Cold therapy reduced anxiety levels after the procedure. A multimodal approaches, such as the administration of pharmacologic agents in conjunction with non-pharmacological interventions including cold therapy may also be suggested.
Music and Health Institute Terms
Anxiety Scales; Anxiety; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Invasive Medical Procedures; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Pain; Procedural Pain; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Visual Analog Scale (VAS)
Chest Tubes; Cryotherapy; Device Removal; Lidocaine; Pain; Pain Management; Anxiety; Chest tube; Cold therapy; Lidocaine spray; Pain
Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods
Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Aktas, Y. Y. and Karabulut, N., "The Use of Cold Therapy, Music Therapy and Lidocaine Spray for Reducing Pain and Anxiety Following Chest Tube Removal" (2019). Research on Music and Pain. 174.