Title

Music and Cancer Pain Management

Journal

Hawaii Medical Journal

Year

2007

Abstract

PROBLEM: When coupled with the often debilitating side-effects of pharmacological interventions, chronic cancer pain may elicit feelings of anxiety and depression and therefore adversely affect patient well-being and quality of life. PURPOSE: This review article is a systematic assessment of the published literature related to music and cancer pain management. METHOD: A comprehensive systematic evaluation of the data based literature was undertaken and analyzed using matrix analysis. RESULTS: As an adjunctive form of pain management, music therapy has been shown to address some of these hardships by providing patients with an alternative effective means by which to reduce their subjective experiences of pain. Studies investigating the efficacy of music therapy during invasive cancer procedures and chemotherapy demonstrated the role that attention states play in distracting patients from, and therefore minimizing their experience of, the pain associated with such treatments. Other studies examining diverse outpatient populations revealed similar findings, illustrating well the cognitive-affective dimensions of pain perception. Although these findings fail to adequately address the ambiguity surrounding music therapy's role in cancer pain management, music therapy has nonetheless been shown to significantly reduce anxiety and, in so doing, indirectly lessen the intensity of pain while improving patient quality of life.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Adverse Effects; Anxiety; Cancer; Chemotherapy; Chronic Pain; Depression; Invasive Medical Procedures; Music as Distraction; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain Management and Control; Pain Severity; Pain; Quality of Life; Recorded Music Listening; Wellness and Well-Being

Indexed Terms

Neoplasms; Pain; Pain Management; Spirituality

Study Type

Systematic Review; Quantitative Methods

Disciplines

Oncology

PubMed ID

18065118

Document Type

Article

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