Effects of Listening to Music on Pain Intensity and Pain Distress After Surgery: An Intervention
Journal of Clinical Nursing
AIMS: To evaluate the effects of music listening on pain intensity and pain distress on the first and second postoperative days in abdominal surgery patients and the long-term effects of music on the third postoperative day. BACKGROUND: Music has been found to relieve pain intensity in surgery patients. There are only a few studies on music intervention in abdominal surgery. Music intervention studies assessing multidimensional pain such as pain intensity and pain distress are also scarce. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study with two parallel groups. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery (n = 168) were divided into either a music group (n = 83) or a control group (n = 85). Patients assessed pain intensity and pain distress in bed rest, during deep breathing and in shifting position once in the evening of the operation day and on the first and second postoperative days in the morning, at noon and in the evening. On the third postoperative day, the patients assessed their pain intensity and pain distress only once. RESULTS: In the music group, the patients' pain intensity and pain distress in bed rest, during deep breathing and in shifting position were significantly lower on the second postoperative day compared with control group of patients. On the third postoperative day, when long-term effects of music on pain intensity and pain distress were assessed, there were no significant differences between music and control groups. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that the use of music alleviates pain intensity and pain distress in bed rest, during deep breathing and in shifting position after abdominal surgery on the second postoperative day. Music intervention is safe, inexpensive and easily used to improve the healing environment for abdominal surgery patients. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Music intervention should be offered as an adjunct alternative to pharmacological pain relief after abdominal surgery in nursing practice.
Music and Health Institute Terms
Abdominal Surgery; Distress; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Pain Severity; Pain; Postoperative Pain; Postoperative Patients; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Surgery; Surgical Patients
Abdomen; Elderly; Elderly; Analgesics; Analysis of Variance; Anxiety; Chi-Square Distribution; Elective Surgical Procedures; Laparotomy; Pain Measurement; Pain Threshold; Postoperative Pain; Patient Satisfaction; Postoperative Care; Prospective Studies; Reference Values; Severity of Illness Index; Statistics, Nonparametric
Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods
Vaajoki, A.; Pietila, A. M.; Kankkunen, P.; and Vehvilainen-Julkunen, K., "Effects of Listening to Music on Pain Intensity and Pain Distress After Surgery: An Intervention" (2011). Research on Music and Pain. 246.