Comparison Between the Analgesic and Therapeutic Effects of a Musically Modulated Electromagnetic Field (TAMMEF) and Those of a 100 Hz Electromagnetic Field: Blind Experiment on Patients Suffering from Cervical Spondylosis or Shoulder Periarthritis
Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
The analgesic-therapeutic efficacy and tolerability of a low-frequency electromagnetic field (ELF), modulated at a frequency of 100 Hz with a sinusoidal waveform and mean induction of a few gauss, has been demonstrated by the authors in numerous previous studies of various hyperalgic pathologies, particularly of the locomotor apparatus. In the present study, the authors tested a new type of all-inclusive field, denoted TAMMEF, whose parameters (frequency, intensity, waveform) are modified in time, randomly varying within the respective ranges, so that all the possible codes can occur during a single application. For the comparison, 150 subjects (118 women and 32 men, between 37 and 66 years of age) were enrolled. They were affected by cervical spondylosis (101 cases) or shoulder periarthritis (49 cases). Unbeknownst to them, they were randomly divided into three groups of 50 subjects. One group was exposed to the new TAMMEF, another group to the usual ELF, and the third group to simulated treatment. The results show that the effects of the new TAMMEF therapy are equivalent to those obtained with the ELF.
Music and Health Institute Terms
Elderly; Music in Combination with Other Techniques; Music Therapy; Osteoarthritis; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Receptive Music Methods
Elderly; Analgesia; Cervical Vertebrae; Electromagnetic Fields; Neck Pain; Pain; Pain Management; Pain Measurement; Periarthritis; Periarthritis; Sensitivity and Specificity; Shoulder Joint; Shoulder Pain; Shoulder Pain; Spinal Osteophytosis; Electric Stimulation Therapy; Neck Pain; Spinal Osteophytosis
Quantitative Methods; Randomized Controlled Trial
Rigato, M., Battisti, E., Fortunato, M., & Giordano, N. (2002). Comparison Between the Analgesic and Therapeutic Effects of a Musically Modulated Electromagnetic Field (TAMMEF) and Those of a 100 Hz Electromagnetic Field: Blind Experiment on Patients Suffering from Cervical Spondylosis or Shoulder Periarthritis. Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology, 26 (6), 253-258. Retrieved from https://remix.berklee.edu/mhi-music-pain-articles/399