Title

Expectancy Theory of Motivation and Substance Use Treatment: Implications for Music Therapy

Journal

Music Therapy Perspectives

Year

2021

Volume

39

Issue

1

First Page

61

Last Page

68

Abstract

The existing literature indicates that motivation is an important predictor of treatment outcome for people with substance use disorders (SUD). Although researchers have found that music therapy can positively impact motivation for people with SUD, the music therapy and SUD literature base lack a theoretical understanding of motivation. Vroom’s expectancy theory of motivation (ETM) is an established theoretical framework positing that motivation depends on three relationships: expectancy, instrumentality, and valence. These relationships consist of four variables: effort, performance, reward, and preference. Based on these four variables, motivation depends on the expectation that an increase in effort will lead to improved performance, thus leading to a reward aligned with an individual’s preferences. The purpose of this paper is to apply Vroom’s ETM to music therapy and SUD clinical practice and research. We reviewed the existing literature addressing Vroom’s ETM within SUD treatment and created a model to depict how to apply Vroom’s ETM to music therapy clinical practice for people with SUD. Application of Vroom’s ETM may help music therapists understand and augment motivation for people with SUD, potentially leading to relapse prevention and recovery. Implications for clinical practice, limitations, and suggestions for future research are provided. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Music Listening; Music Medicine; Psychological Outcomes; Recorded Music Listening; Relapse Prevention; Substance Use, Abuse and Addiction; Wellness and Well-Being

Indexed Terms

motivation; Vroom; Expectancy Theory of Motivation; substance use disorder; addiction; Expectations; Substance Use Treatment; Clinical Practice; Preferred Rewards

Study Type

Editorials, Opinions, Position Papers

Disciplines

Substance Abuse and Addiction

Document Type

Article

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